History

   Realization of the ideafortram lines in Sofiabegin onDecember 1, 1898when the municipalitygrants concessionsfor construction tocompanies fromFrance and Belgium.Construction workcontinuedfor about a yearandon January 14,1901the firsttram inSofia officially sets off.Initially,passengers wereserved by25 tramsand 10woodenbodied trailersthat ran on6 single tracked routeswitha total length of23 kmand width of1000mm.

   From 1903 to 1931, a large number of railcars and trailers were delivered from European manufacturers. In 1931, under the supervision of Mr. Theodosius Kardalev was started the construction of the first Bulgarian trailers that use robust chassis from scrapped railcars. These trailers are known as "Kardalev trailers." In 1936 he produced the first Bulgarian trains called "ДТО" (after the Department of trams and light in the capital municipality). In the production are used old chassis, and all other elements are replaced with new ones.

   In 1934 was built the first major depot in today's metropolitan area Krasno Selo. There in 1951 was started a factory for production of trams, the succeeded Kardalev’s Technical Workshop of "ДТО". By 1959 155 locomotives "ДТО" and "Република" were produced- the first all-Bulgarian trams. The last Bulgariantram- T8M-900 was manufactured in the factory in 1991 Since then the factory is mainly engaged in repairing and renovation of old trams.

   In 1987 according to European standards was constructed the first tram line with gauge of 1435 mm (current line № 20). Until then, all tram lines in Sofia were narrow (gauge 1009 mm). 8 years later, in 1995, was completed the construction of the second line with gauge of 1435 mm (current line № 22).

   On February 17, 2010 is opened line number 23 which connects area “Дружба 2” and area “Дружба 1”. Subsequently the line was extended and so it connects “Дружба 2”and “Младежки театър”.

   On April 10, 2010 opened a new tram line with a number of 4 supporting TM5. It’s route is: boulevard “Nikola Petkov” – “Македония” Square - Central Station – area “Орландовци”.

In February2014, after34 yearsonthe streets of Sofia, were decommissionedtheT8M-301 and Bulgaria1300 tram series, which serviced lines 1,4, 5, 6, 7, 11, 15, 17, 19.

   FromMay 26, 2014the T6MSofia-400-100 railcar series where also decommissioned. Over 30years they haveserved differentlines -2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 19.

 

 

Models

T6M-700

T6M-700

6 axles tram manufactured by the bulgarian company "Трамкар".    
T8M-700ITINEKON

T8M-700IT INEKON

8 axles tram manufactured by the Czech company "INECON". It's based on Т6М-700.
T8M-900M

T8M-900M

8 axles tram based on T6M-900. It is manufactured from 1999 to 2001 by the bulgarian company "Трамкар".        
PESA122NaSFSwing

PESA122 Swing

Tram model manufactured in Poland in 2010. 20 are delivered to Bulgaria.       
TATRAT6A2

TATRA T6A2

Tram model manufactured in Czech Republic from 1988 to 1999. 57 are delivered to Bulgaria.     
TATRAT4D-C

TATRA T4D-C

4 axles tram manufactured in Czech Republic based on T4. 20 are delivered to Bulgaria in 2011.         
 
TATRAT6B5

TATRA T6B5

6 axles tram manufacturet in several varieties from 1985 to 2003 by the company "ЧКР".
DuawegT4

Duaweg T4

4 axles tram manufactured in Germany. Imported to Bulgaria in 1995.     
DuawegGT6

Duaweg GT6

6 axles tram manufactured in Germany. imported to Bulgaria ina 1995.    
TATRAT4D-M

TATRA T4D-M

4 axles tram manufactured in Czech Republic based on Т4. 15 are delivered from Germany in 2010.       
T8M-900

T8M-900

8 axles tram based on the 6 axles T6M-700M. Manufactured in Sofia by "Трамкар"  
DuawegGT8

Duaweg GT8

8 axles tram manufactured in Germany. Since 2010 the model services line №23.        

 

Video

 
 
 
 

 

Routes

karta tramvai

 

Social networks

facebook128x128  Green rails in Sofia

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